Environmental impact assessment of chemical facilities
Among many industries, chemical is different high complexity of production organization. Thanks to the latest approaches to the production of chemical products, it is possible to solve ecological problems that are common in chemical production.
Chemical industry enterprises consume a large amount of energy, raw materials and water, and therefore, during manufacturing many by-products are formed. At balanced ecological approach, by-products should be used as secondary resources, but now in most companies they are accumulating as waste. Priority all wastes from the chemical industry, because of excessive toxicity, must be liquidate.
The chemical industry also has a real impact on the problem of global warming. Sulfur and nitrogen oxides, chlorofluorocarbons, various process gases, increase the greenhouse effect.
To increase revenue, it is profitable for chemical companies to increase production. To do this, they must reduce the negative impact on the environment.
Development of new technological solutions, improvement of existing production techniques is the only way to stop environmental pollution.
Environmental impact assessment – EIA – is carried out to measure the impact on environment of chemical facilities.
The Law of Ukraine “On Environmental Impact Assessment” for the chemical industry distinguishes activities that have a significant environmental impact.
Chemical production, including production of basic chemicals, chemical-biological, biotechnical, pharmaceutical production using chemical or biological processes, production for plant protection, plant growth regulators, mineral fertilizers, polymeric and polymer-containing materials, varnishes, paints, elastomers, peroxides, production and storage of nanomaterials with a capacity of more than 10 tons per year – these activities are in the first category of planned activity, so all documents in the process of environmental impact assessment are submitted to a central authority (Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine).
Chemical industry: plants for the production of explosives; installations in which chemical and biological processes are used to produce protein feed additives, enzymes and other protein substances; storage for chemical products – such activities belong to the second category of planned activity, which means that the developed documents are submitted to the local authority.
For providing environmental impact assessments for enterprises, working in the chemical industry there is the following order:
MCL carries out environmental impact assessment “on a turn-key basis”: from the preparation of the notification on planned activities that is subject to the environmental impact assessment, before obtaining a conclusion on the environmental impact assessment.